Human sperm cell contains

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Sperm is the male reproductive cell , or gamete , in anisogamous forms of sexual reproduction forms in which there is a larger, "female" reproductive cell and a smaller, "male" one. Animals produce motile sperm with a tail known as a flagellum , which are known as spermatozoa , while some red algae and fungi produce non-motile sperm cells, known as spermatia. Sperm cells form during the process known as spermatogenesis , which in amniotes reptiles and mammals takes place in the seminiferous tubules of the testes. The spermatocytes then undergo meiosis , reducing their chromosome number by half, which produces spermatids.

Macrozoospermia

How many chromosomes do a mature human sperm cell contain class 11 biology CBSE

The mature sperm cell spermatozoa is 0. It consists of a head, body and tail. The head is covered by the ac cap and contains a nucleus of dense genetic material from the 23 chromosomes. It is attached from the neck to the body containing mitochondria that supply the energy for the sperm's activity. The tail is made of protein fibers that contract on alternative sides, giving a characteristic wavelike movement that drives the sperm through the seminal fluid, which also supplies additional energy.

New Biological Insights on X and Y Chromosome-Bearing Spermatozoa

A spermatozoon is a male germ cell capable of fertilizing an oocyte and carries genetic information for determining the sex of the offspring. It comprises autosomes and an X X spermatozoa or a Y chromosome Y spermatozoa. The origin and maturation of both X and Y spermatozoa are the same, however, certain differences may exist. Previous studies proposed a substantial difference between X and Y spermatozoa, however, recent studies suggest negligible or no differences between these spermatozoa with respect to ratio, shape and size, motility and swimming pattern, strength, electric charge, pH, stress response, and aneuploidy. Moreover, recent proteomic and genomic studies have identified a set of proteins and genes that are differentially expressed between X and Y spermatozoa.
NCBI Bookshelf. Molecular Biology of the Cell. New York: Garland Science; In most species, there are just two types of gamete , and they are radically different.